Mosquito -Borne Diseases

Mosquito-borne diseases are infecting nearly 300-500 million people and causing about 1 million deaths every year. There are a number of diseases transmitted by Mosquitoes. They are:-

Malaria Malaria is a mosquito-borne parasitic infection spread by Anopheles mosquitoes. Four species of parasites P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae cause malaria in humans.

Dengue – Dengue is spread through the bite of an infected Aedes Aegypti mosquito. Dengue fever is characterized by an onset of high fever, headache, pain in muscles and joints and rash. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is more fatal, can cause internal bleeding and breathing difficulty.

Filariasis – Anopheles, Culex, Aedes and Mansonia mosquitoes can transmit the parasite of Filariasis. Filaria is a long, thread-like roundworm called Wuchereria Bancrofti that lives as a parasite in bodies of human beings. Edema is one of the most common symptoms of filariasis and can lead to elephantiasis, which is characterized by thickened skin and massive swelling.Other symptoms include itching, skin rashes and arthritis.

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Yellow Fever – Aedes aegypti is a type of mosquito that usually carries yellow fever from human to human. Symptoms of severe infection are high fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, vomiting, and backache.

Chikungunya – Humans are the natural hosts of the chikungunya virus. The virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected female Aedes species mosquito – Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. It causes fever and joint pain.
West Nile Virus – West Nile fever is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes.Most of the people infected with West Nile virus do not develop any symptoms. Its symptoms are fever, headache, vomiting and rash.
Japanese Encephalitis – Japanese Encephalitis is an infection of the brain caused by Japanese Encephalitis Virus(JEV). JEV is transmitted to humans by Culex mosquitoes. Pigs and wild birds are reservoirs for this virus.

 

Don’t let mosquitoes bug you!

1) Wear long-sleeved clothing and long pants
2) Use insect repellent LOTIONS, CREAMS on exposed skin
3) Use a net when sleeping in a room
4) Use separate specialised spray cans for mosquitoes.
5)Use mosquito repellent MATS, COILS and LIQUID VAPOURISERS

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